new year!. Lunar new year! (a month has gone by while I’ve been sitting on this post)
Here are some other 2019 VC predictions that I’ve enjoyed reading:
- Elad Gil’s thoughts on startup opportunity areas
- Nicole Quinn thoughts on startup opportunity areas
- Southeast Asian VC predictions
- Semil Shah’s macro predictions
- Fred Wilson’s macro predictions
Here are some things that I think will be big in 2019:
1) Furthering vocational education
I think traditionally, a lot of investors have been shy to invest in education. In US, let’s be honest — we don’t really care about education! Here’s a good post that my friend Avichal Garg wrote on the education landscape several years ago which I think still applies today in the US.
But the tide is changing a bit. Specifically, what we’re seeing in the US is massive student debt. And new college graduates are not able to get a job or a high paying job. For so many people in the US, if you are not majoring in a STEM subject, it probably does not make sense anymore to go to college. Period. The economics of college are just terrible.
So while we don’t care about education in the US, we do care about business and return on investment! And it does make sense now to provide education of “useful” topics for the workplace — for a job, for livelihood. This is why we see the rise of Lambda School which ties your livelihood outcomes to your cost of education. And there are many other schools that are cropping up such as Make School and Kenzie Academy (we are investors at Hustle Fund) that are trying to teach useful topics that you can actually use and are willing to pay for, because you can use those skills to make money.
I think we will see a lot of new businesses stemming off of this trend.
We’ll certainly see more schools — both in-person and online covering more topics. Everything from coding to digital marketing to sales to even entrepreneurship. But also vocational categories as well. Can you teach medical skills or plumbing skills using VR headsets remotely?
Additionally, I think there will be businesses stemming off of these. Lots of new ways to loan money to students. New ways to provide socialization and networking for remote students. New real estate opportunities for these students.
2) Improving commutes
Commutes are terrible! (and a big waste of time). This year, we will see a lot of businesses built around making your commute better. Commutes can get better in two ways: A) By actually reducing your door-to-door time and B) by making the experience while commuting better. We’ll see opportunities in both.
A) There will be new ways of commuting in less time.
This is really what the rise of Bird and Lime is all about. When it’s faster and cheaper to go from say SOMA to the Financial District of San Francisco by scooter vs car AND is accessible to everyone, people will do it. In contrast, not everyone can ride a bicycle or a skateboard (e.g. more expensive, need balance or skills – not accessible to all)
But scooters really only work in warm-ish places where there are bike lanes / wide enough roads. E.g. places where it snows / places that don’t have bike lanes won’t be great markets in the long run. So there’s an opportunity to come up with a mode of transportation and model that can withstand weather / lack of bike lanes. My guess is that we will just see further advancement of ridesharing combined with autonomous vehicles. An early version of this might be effectively new autonomous bus lines that just go up and down streets continuously. This is already starting to happen in some cities.
Photo credit: Giphy
B) As people drive less, they will have more time during their commute
This is a big opportunity for people to do more work, shop, and play more too. For example, we’ll likely continue to see growth in podcasts and tools for podcasts this year. Spotify made clear that they believe in this opportunity by announcing two acquisitions in podcasting this week.
But we might also see the emergence of new commuting activities. Such as new commerce models. In Asia, for example, lots of people shop while waiting for public transportation like this:
Photo credit: Tech In Asia
Perhaps we will see shopping happen in rideshares — this is already happening — some startups are going after this opportunity.
We may even see new fitness activities. Peloton allows you to exercise at home in a social way. Can you do this on the road? Can you take a stretch class in an Uber? Can you run from Zombies or have a coach yelling in your ear while you run to work?
A general trend we’ve been seeing over the years is the ability to entertain yourself in a retail location, and later this entertainment was brought into the home and then later yet, taken anywhere, especially while commuting. For example:
Before, you shopped at the mall -> Later you shopped on your Desktop browser at home -> Now shop on your mobile device while commuting
Before, you played video games at the mall -> Played video games on your Desktop -> Now play video games on your phone while commuting
Before, you watched shows at the theater -> Watched shows at home -> Now, you watch shows on your phone while commuting
Before, you went to the gym to workout -> Now, you work out at home -> Later, will you work out while commuting?
Maybe. I can’t predict the future, but I can tell you that people will have more time with their commutes.
3) Furthering entrepreneurship
When I grew up in the Silicon Valley in the 1990s, entrepreneurship was a ridiculous idea. You were a maverick if you were an entrepreneur. This is no longer the case. You’re pretty mainstream if you’re an entrepreneur today. Even outside of Silicon Valley, so many people have side businesses.
I think entrepreneurship as a category has gotten so big that it needs to be segmented. There are fast growth tech startups — these are the ones that VCs like to find and back. There are brick and mortar retail businesses. Like cafes and restaurants. And there’s a new emerging but fast growing category that I call the “micropreneur”. Micropreneurs are < 10 person companies that are supported largely by existing web platforms and online distribution. With just a handful of people, these founders can generate as much as $100k-$1m per employee because they can leverage a lot of existing infrastructure — online payments, website builders or online store platforms, and even easy-to-use “pseudo-developer tools” such as Zapier. Micropreneurs are fueled by the rise in platforms that help people get a business off the ground — such as Shopify or Webflow (we are investors at Hustle Fund) or Stripe or Udemy. Or even YouTube and Instagram! They are often bootstrapped and often start as side businesses that sometimes become full-time businesses. And unlike tech unicorns, there are tons and tons of them.
I think 2019 is the year where we see products, platforms, and content for the micropreneur.
- Entrepreneurship education platforms (could be schools / bootcamps / etc of sorts) especially in areas of customer acquisition
- Loans / financial solutions to provide non-VC funding for these businesses
- Unique platforms and tools that can make it easy to start a “scalable” micro business
- networking platforms and clubs (like a YPO for this segment)
In general, I believe that if you can help people make more money, that is the easiest sale, and microentrepreneurs are hungry to buy things that will fuel their businesses that are already doing well.
4) Crypto tools and crypto platforms
Although we’re in the bear markets with crypto, I am bullish on the long term use of cryptocurrency. Why? Fiat works fine in many places. But, I think what we are increasingly seeing is monopolistic behavior on the internet.
I applaud CEO of CloudFlare Matthew Prince for writing this post a couple of years ago about free speech on the internet. In this post, he talks about how CloudFlare came to the conclusion they should terminate The Daily Stormer as a client. It was a difficult decision, not because he agreed with the Daily Stormer’s ideology, but rather because he didn’t believe that internet companies should be policing the internet for people who hold opposing ideologies.
But this is happening. We’ve seen a lot of large internet companies terminate relationships with people they don’t agree with. As a response to that, I believe we’ll see new sites crop up to try to bring back a “free internet”. Payments are usually at the front of new waves of trends, so I suspect, we’ll see decentralized payment options pop up as a response to PayPal / Stripe / et al kicking people off their services. Technology tends to start off with illicit use cases (such as the VHS tape used for pornography) but then ends up becoming mainstream.
In order for people to pay each other with cryptocurrency, we need reliable and easy-to-use infrastructure that mainstream consumers can use. This includes digital wallets for storing cryptocurrency, easy-to-use exchanges for moving money from currencies to fiat, accounting solutions for cryptocurrency, etc. Entrepreneurs are currently building in all of these areas, and I’m bullish on innovation in all of these.
In this space – I think the winners will have to be incredible product designers who can build great user experiences.
5) Verticalization of B2B SaaS
In North America, B2B horizontal SaaS business ideas are largely saturated. Not 100%, of course, but for the most part, we have marketing software, sales software, HR software, customer service software, and communications software that largely works. Some of these tools may be clunky archaic experiences, but they are here to stay — at least for a while, in my opinion.
So I think the B2B SaaS opportunities that people will focus on are verticalized use cases. E.g. Marketo for XYZ industry. Software built around particular sales cycles and workflows for industries like real estate, construction, farming, retail, etc. We already see this happening, but I think there will be a lot more of these types of businesses built around verticals in 2019.
I could be completely wrong on any and all of these predictions! And, even if I’m right, outside of these 5 categories, there will be, of course, many more businesses built.
What startup opportunities do you think will be big in 2019?
Featured Photo credit: World Economic Forum